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FSS Cationic Glycoprotein PF
FSS Cationic Glycoprotein PF


 

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Product Code: FSS20391PF


FSS Cationic Glycoprotein:
2 oz
8 oz
1 kg (2.2 lbs)

Qty:  
Description
 

FSS Cationic Glycoprotein PF

Preserved with Leucidal Liquid

Cationic Glycoprotein is derived from the Eriodictyon californicum, or the Yerba Santa plant. Yerba Santa is an aromatic evergreen shrub with dark, leathery leaves. It is able to capture and hold vast amounts of moisture within its resinous leaves, which allows it to withstand its native arid environment. The technical staff at Active Concepts discovered that fermenting the Yerba Santa leaves with Lactobacillus, or lactic acid bacteria, allows for more efficient isolation of important glycoproteins, as there is no need for heat or solvents. Lactic acid fermentation is commonly used to produce many foods, such as yogurt and cheese, and is the process by which a living cell is able to break down complex sugars into smaller molecules, such as proteins and glycoproteins, without the use of oxygen.

Glycoproteins, in combination with phospholipids, allow the body to readily absorb the moisture that is available from the Yerba Santa plant. Sugars tend to be very hydrophilic due to their many –OH groups, but phospholipids, cationic by nature, contain a lipid bilayer where the hydrophobic lipid tail is shielded from the aqueous phase. Phospholipids are useful in assisting molecular transportation through fat-soluble membranes when hydrophilic molecules cannot easily penetrate by themselves.

Cationic Glycoprotein has an expanded molecular weight and was run over an ion exchange resin to isolate the proper cationic molecules. An ion exchange is a reversible process where one ion is exchanged from a solution for a similarly charged atom on the attached immobile solid particle. Ion exchange resins can be categorized as cationic, which provide positive mobile ions, or anionic, which provide negative mobile ions. An ion exchange is a very beneficial process because it is extremely efficient in isolating the desired ionic elements; waste products are easily filtered out; it has exceptionally high water recovery; and the resulting molecule is more stable than the original. Cations enhance the tendency of other molecules to bind to the skin because the skin is naturally anionic and opposite charges attract one another.

Cationic Glycoprotein has very useful ionic and soluble properties that make it perfect for accelerating the reaction between a DHA (dihydroxyacetone) solution and the skin. DHA is a 3-carbon sugar, and when applied to the skin it incurs a chemical reaction with the amino acids in the stratum corneum and a tanning effect is produced. DHA does not damage the skin as it only reacts with the outermost layer and allows for no system absorption; thus it carries fewer risks than other available sunless tanning methods. This tanning effect typically appears within one hour of application, and maximum tanning will progress between 8 and 24 hours. The tan lasts until the dead skin cells are exfoliated, approximately 5-7 days. For a slightly longer lasting effect, it is recommended to wash and exfoliate the skin prior to application.

An in-house panel test to determine how quickly Cationic Glycoprotein accelerates a DHA solution, and the results were calculated according to a rubric. We compared Cationic Glycoprotein with a DHA solution vs. a DHA solution by itself as a control. We calculated a color scale in photo shop on a scale from 0-5 for color difference after 1 hour and color difference after 24 hours. Rate of maximal tan was calculated by referencing the volunteers and was based on an hourly rate (0-24 hours)



According to the results, Cationic Glycoprotein in conjunction with DHA produces a much more visible tanning effect after 1 hour than a DHA solution by itself, and Cationic Glycoprotein reaches a maximum tanning effect after an average of 9 hours, whereas DHA by itself reaches maximum tanning effect at an average of 22 hours.


INCI Nomenclature:

Lactobacillus/Eriodictyon Californicum Ferment Extract & Phospholipids

Suggested Use Levels:

1.0-5.0%

Appearance:

Liquid Liposomal Dispersion

Solubility In Water:

Soluble

Storage: Protected from direct light and humidity at a temperature of 50°-77°F (10°-25°C)
Shelf life: 12 months, properly stored, in sealed container.

This product should be added to a formulation at the recommended usage rate.


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